Curious teenagers (and adults) must look for a solution elsewhere, resembling a research reported final week in the Annals of Internal Medicine. It confirmed that e-cigarettes are much less harmful than the normal, combustible sort, a reality which will come as a shock to Americans who get their well being information from government officials.
The researchers, led by Lion Shahab, a well being psychologist at vaporesso revenger a College College London, tested the saliva and urine of 181 volunteers representing five groups: present smokers, present people who smoke who also use e-cigarettes, present people who smoke who also use nicotine alternative therapy (NRT) products equivalent to gum or patches, former people who smoke who have switched to e-cigarettes, and former people who smoke who have switched to NRT. Shahab et al. found all 5 groups have been receiving similar amounts of nicotine, but the switchers showed “substantially reduced ranges of measured carcinogens and toxins.”
The differences between vapers and smokers had been dramatic, ranging from 57 p.c reductions in three volatile organic compounds (ethylene oxide, acrylonitrile, and vinyl chloride) to ninety seven % reductions in acrylonitrile (one other VOC) and in a tobacco-specific nitrosamine, a potent carcinogen. The levels for vapers had been not less than as little as these for NRT customers and in some cases lower, which is hanging because NRT is broadly accepted as a safe different to cigarettes.
This examine, which involved lengthy-term e-cigarette customers, reinforces the results of a 2016 research finding large reductions in toxins and carcinogens among smokers who switched to vaping during a two-week experiment. Shahab et al.’s findings additionally jibe with chemical analyses of e-cigarette liquids and the aerosol they produce, work that led Public Health England to endorse an estimate that vaping is something like ninety five % safer than smoking.
The huge difference in danger between vaping and smoking is hardly surprising, because the former entails inhaling an aerosol that typically consists of propylene glycol, glycerin, water, flavoring, and nicotine, while the latter involves inhaling tobacco smoke, which incorporates 1000’s of chemical substances, hundreds of which are toxic or carcinogenic. Yet misconceptions concerning the hazards of vaping are widespread, because of public well being officials and anti-tobacco activists who seem intent on obscuring the truth.
In a latest survey of American adults by Vanderbilt Law School professor W. Kip Viscusi, forty eight % of respondents erroneously mentioned e-cigarettes are either just as hazardous as the standard kind or even more hazardous. Thirty-eight percent said e-cigarettes are much less hazardous, but only 14 percent correctly mentioned they’re much less hazardous.
It’s no marvel the public is confused, when the surgeon common, the Meals and Drug Administration, and the U.S. Centers for Illness Management and Prevention painting e-cigarettes as a menace to public well being instead of an opportunity to reduce smoking-associated disease. All three inaccurately describe e-cigarettes as “tobacco merchandise,” falsely implying that the dangers posed by vaping are just like the dangers posed by smoking.